Commonly Confused Words:
Lay means to place something down. I am laying the book on the table.
Lie means to recline or be placed. I lie down for a nap every day.
Sit means to plop your bottom down. My cat likes to sit on my computer.
Set means to put something in place or adjust it. Set the cell phone in its charger. She set her hair last night.
Who refers to people. Jack is the one who hit a home run.
That refers to animals and things. That is the dog I saw yesterday. That story made me laugh.
To decide when to use who or whom, phrase the problem as a question. If you can answer the question with him, then use whom. If you can answer the question with he, then use who. [Who or whom] went to the game? [He, not Him, went to the game.] The correct form is: Who went to the game?
Farther means physical advancement in distance. He walked farther down the road.
Further means advancement to a greater degree. She wants to further her education.
Use said for quoted and indirect speech. He said, “Hello, I am your waiter tonight.” He said that he was our waiter.
Use told for indirect speech. He told us that he was our waiter.
Are you still confused? Then head over to Grammar Girl’s Quick and Dirty Tips for Better Writing. She has five pages of word choice tips.
It always helps to step away from your work for a while. Then come back and proofread carefully to see if have missed any words.
[Did you catch the mistake?]